The governing body of the City of Deerfield has found that there exist within the corporate limits of the city structures which are unfit for human use or habitation because of dilapidation, defects increasing the hazards of fire or accidents, structural defects or other conditions which render such structures unsafe, unsanitary or otherwise inimical to the general welfare of the city, or conditions which provide a general blight upon the neighborhood or surrounding properties. It is hereby deemed necessary by the governing body to require or cause the repair, closing or demolition or removal of such structures as provided in this article.
(K.S.A. 12-1751; Code 1985)
For the purpose of this article, the following words and terms shall mean:
(a) Structure shall include any building, wall, superstructure or other structure which requires location on the ground, or is attached to something having a location on the ground.
(b) Public Officer means the city building inspector or his or her authorized representative.
(K.S.A. 12-1750; Code 1985)
The public officer is hereby authorized to exercise such powers as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this article, including the following:
(a) Inspect any structure which appears to be unsafe, dangerous or unfit for human habitation;
(b) Have authority to enter upon premises at reasonable hours for the purpose of making such inspections. Entry shall be made so as to cause the least possible inconvenience to any person in possession of the structure. If entry is denied, the public officer may seek an order for this purpose from a court of competent jurisdiction;
(c) Report all structures which he or she believes to be dangerous, unsafe or unfit for human habitation to the governing body;
(d) Receive complaints as provided in this article.
(a) Whenever a complaint is filed with the public officer charging that any structure is dangerous, unsafe or unfit for human habitation, or whenever it appears to the public officer on his or her own motion that any structure is dangerous, unsafe or unfit for human habitation, he or she shall, if his or her preliminary investigation discloses a basis for such charges, report such findings to the governing body.
(b) From the time the public officer files his or her report of findings with the governing body, no permits required for repair of the structure shall be issued, until authorized by the governing body.
The governing body upon receiving a report as provided in section 4-604 shall by resolution fix a time and place at which the owner, the owner's agent, any lienholder of records and any occupant of the structure may appear and show cause why the structure should not be condemned and ordered repaired or demolished.
(K.S.A. 12-1752; Code 1985)
(a) The resolution shall be published once each week for two consecutive weeks on the same day of each week. At least 30 days shall elapse between the last publication and the date set for the hearing.
(b) A copy of the resolution shall be mailed by first class mail within three days after its first publication to each owner, agent, lienholder and occupant at the last known place of residence and shall be marked “deliver to addressee only.”
(K.S.A. 12-1752; Code 1985)
(a) If, after notice and hearing, the governing body determines that the structures under consideration is dangerous, unsafe or unfit for human use or habitation, it shall state in writing its findings of fact in support of such determination and shall cause to be served upon the owner or agent an order directing such owner to either repair or demolish or remove the structure.
(b) If the repair, alteration or improvement of the structure cannot be made at a cost of 50% or less of the appraised value of the structure, the governing body shall order the structure demolished and removed.
Whenever any structure within the city shall be found to be dangerous, unsafe or unfit for human use or habitation, it shall be the duty and obligation of the owner of the property to render the same secure and safe or to remove the same.
(a) If, within the time specified in the order, the owner fails to comply with the order to repair, alter, improve or vacate the structure, the public officer may cause the structure to be repaired, altered, improved, or to be vacated and closed.
(b) If, within the time specified in the order, the owner fails to comply with the order to remove or demolish the structure, the public officer may cause the structure to be removed and demolished.
Upon removal of any structure, the owner shall fill any basement or other excavation located upon the premises and take any other action necessary to leave the premises in a safe condition. If the owner fails to take such action, the public officer may proceed to make the site safe.
(a) The cost to the city of any repairs, alterations, improvements, vacating, removal or demolition by the enforcing officer, including making the site safe, shall be reported to the city clerk.
(b) The city shall give notice to the owner of the structure by first class mail of the cost of removing the structure and making the premises safe and secure. The notice shall also state that payment of the cost is due and payable within 30 days following receipt of the notice.
(c) If the costs remain unpaid after 30 days following mailing of notice, the city clerk may sell any salvage from the structure and apply the proceeds or any necessary portion thereof to pay the cost of removing the structure and making the site safe. Any proceeds in excess of that required to recover the costs shall be paid to the owner of the premises upon which the structure was located.
(d) If the proceeds of the sale of salvage is insufficient to recover the costs, or if there is no salvage, the balance shall be collected in the manner provided by K.S.A. 12-1,115, and amendments thereto, or shall be assessed as special assessments against the lot or parcel of land on which the structure was located and the city clerk, at the time of certifying other city taxes, shall certify the unpaid portion of the costs and the county clerk shall extend the same on the tax rolls of the county against such lot or parcel of land and it shall be collected by the county treasurer and paid to the city as other city taxes are collected and paid. The city may pursue collection both by levying a special assessment and in the manner provided by K.SA 12-1,115, and amendments thereto, but only until the full cost and applicable interest has been paid in full.
(K.S.A. 12-1755; Code 2008)
When, in the opinion of the public officer, any structure is in such condition as to constitute an immediate hazard and require immediate action to protect the public, the public officer may erect barricades or cause the property to be vacated, taken down, repaired, shored or otherwise made safe without delay. Such action may be taken without prior notice to or hearing of the owners, agents, lienholders and occupants. The cost of any action under this section shall be assessed against the property as provided in section 4-611.
Any person affected by an order issued by the governing body under this article may, within 30 days following service of the order, petition the district court of the county in which the structure is located for an injunction restraining the public officer from carrying out the provisions of the order pending final disposition of the case.